Sleep Disorder

Sleep Disorder

Sleep disorders are conditions which refer to changes in one’s sleep pattern. The changes can be either an increase in sleep or decrease in sleep. It is the disturbance in one’s sleep pattern. Sleep disorder causes significant disturbances in one’s life, bringing several health issues and decline in functioning. Most humans experience problems in sleeping now and then, due to many factors such as stress, environmental factors, etc. But when these problems persists over time and disrupts everyday functioning, it signals sleeping disorder. Number of factors causes sleep disorders, some of the common factors that contribute to problems in sleeping includes: stress, anxiety, depression, chronic pains, frequent urination, respiratory problems, other mental illnesses, some medicines, frequent caffeine intake, alcohol intake and improper schedules.

Types of Sleep Disorders

  • Insomnia: Insomnia refers to a condition wherein the individual has difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep at night.
  • Sleep Apnea: In this type, the individual’s breathing is interrupted usually for 10 seconds or more while sleeping, in general, an abnormal pattern of breathing is experienced by the individual.
  • Restless leg syndrome: In this type, the individual feels a strong need to move legs while sleeping caused by tingling or prickly sensation.
  • Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy refers to daytime sleep or daytime sleep attack, wherein the individual sleeps extremely during daytime suddenly.
  • Parasomnias: Parasomnias are conditions in which individual behaves in strange ways such as walking, talking, grinding teeth, head banging, bed wetting, etc.

Symptoms of Sleep Disorders

  • Disturbed sleep( frequently waking up from sleep and difficulty in going back to sleep)
  • Strong desire to sleep during day time
  • Taking naps at unusual or inappropriate times
  • Difficulty in falling asleep
  • Difficulty in staying asleep
  • Difficulty breathing or stop breathing for shorter period
  • Exhibiting strange movements while asleep.

Sleep Disorder Treatment

Pharmacotherapy, Insight oriented Psycho-education, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Relaxation Techniques, Need Analysis, Sleep Hygiene Techniques, Life Skills Training, Relapse Prevention Strategies, Activity Scheduling and Self Support group.

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