Bipolar Disorder

    Bipolar Affective Disorder – BPAD (Mood Disorder).

    Bipolar disorder causes serious change in mood, energy, thinking, and behavior on the higher side of mania on one extreme and lower side of depression on the other side. More than just a momentary good or bad mood, the cycles of bipolar disorder last for days, weeks, or months. During a manic episode, a person shall be impulsively quit a job, swipe up huge amounts on credit cards or feel rested after sleeping two hours. During a depressive episode, the same person shall be too drained even to get out of bed, self-hated and hopelessness over being unemployed and in debt.

    Symptoms of Manic Episode.

    • Sleeplessness
    • Feeling high
    • Illogical belief of own power
    • Mood swings
    • Extremely active with minimal sleep
    • Racing beliefs
    • Irritability
    • More involvement in their pleasurable activities
    • Highly distractive and zero focus
    • Impaired conclusions
    • Highly impulsive
    • Never think about consequences
    • Delusions and hallucinations (in severe cases)
    • தூக்கம் இன்மை
    • அதிகபடியான உணர்சிகள்
    • தன்னை பற்றிய அசாதாரமான நம்பிக்கை
    • மனநிலை கோளாறுகள்
    • அதீத சுறுசுறுப்பு ஆனால் குறைந்த தூக்கம்
    • அதீத நம்பிக்கை
    • எளிதில் சீற்றம் கொள்கிற பண்பு
    • மகிழ்ச்சிகரமான நடவடிக்கைகள் அதிக ஈடுபாடு
    • அதிக குழப்பத்தால் கவனமின்மை
    • பலவீனமான முடிவுகள்
    • மிகவும் உணர்ச்சிவசப்படுதல்
    • பின்விளைவுகளை பற்றி சிந்தியாமை
    • மாயத்தோற்றம், பிரமைகள்

    Symptoms of Depressive Episode.

    • Pervasive sadness
    • Hopelessness
    • Worthlessness
    • Helplessness
    • Anhedonia
    • Lack of energy for daily activities
    • Thoughts of death or suicide
    • Exhausted
    • Social withdrawal
    • Poor concentration
    • பரவலான சோகம்
    • நம்பிகை இன்மை
    • சுயமதிபற்றவராக உணருதல்
    • உதவியற்றவராக உணருதல்
    • மகிழ்ச்சியை அனுபவிக்க இயலாமை
    • தினசரி நடவடிக்கைகளில் ஈடுபாடின்மை
    • மரணம் மற்றும் தற்கொலை பற்றிய சிந்தனை
    • அதீத சோர்வாக உணருதல்
    • சமூக ஈடுபாடின்மை
    • அதிக கவன குறைவு

    BPAD & Suicide.

    The depressive phase of bipolar disorder is often very cruel and suicidal ideas are major risk factor. People suffering from bipolar disorder are more likely to attempt suicide than those suffering from clinical depression. Furthermore, their suicide attempts tend to be very cruel.

    The risk of suicide is even higher in people with bipolar disorder who have frequent depressive episodes, mixed episodes, a history of alcohol or drug abuse, a family history of suicide, or an early onset of the disease.

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    Treatment & Prevention.

    A comprehensive treatment plan for bipolar disorder aims to relieve symptoms, restore your ability to function, fix problems the illness has caused at home and at work, and reduce the likelihood of recurrence.

    The best treatment for bipolar disorder is a combination of medication and counseling. Doctors often treat the mania symptoms with one set of drugs, and use other drugs to treat depression. Certain drugs are also used for “maintenance” — to maintain a steady mood over time.

    Medication.

    Medication is the cornerstone on bipolar disorder treatment. Taking a mood stabilizing medication can help minimize the highs and lows of bipolar disorder and keep symptoms under control.

    Psychotherapy.

    Therapy is essential for dealing with bipolar disorder and the problems it has caused in your life. Working with a therapist, you can learn how to cope with difficult or uncomfortable feelings, repair your relationships, manage stress, and regulate your mood

    Insights.

    Managing symptoms and preventing complications begins with a thorough knowledge of your illness. The more you and your loved ones know about bipolar disorder, the better able you’ll be able to avoid problems and deal with setbacks.

    Lifestyle Management.

    By carefully regulating your lifestyle, you can keep symptoms and mood episodes to a minimum. This involves maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding alcohol and drugs, eating a mood-boosting diet, following a consistent exercise program, minimizing stress, and keeping your sunlight exposure stable year round.

    Support.

    Living with bipolar disorder can be challenging, and having a solid support system in place can make all the difference in your outlook and motivation. Participating in a bipolar disorder support group gives you the opportunity to share your experiences and learn from others who know what you’re going through. The support of friends and family is also invaluable. Reaching out to people who love you won’t mean you’re a burden to others.