Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) affects children and teens and can continue into adulthood. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder of children. Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable to control their impulses, or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life.
It’s more common in boys than in girls. It’s usually discovered during the early school years, when a child begins to have problems paying attention.
Adults with ADHD may have trouble managing time, being organized, setting goals, and holding down a job. They may also have problems with relationships, self-esteem, and addiction.
Symptoms are grouped into three categories:
Symptoms of ADHD may change as a person gets older. They include:
The cause of ADHD isn’t known. Researchers say several things may lead to it, including:
ADHD isn’t caused by watching too much TV, a poor home life, poor schools, or food allergies ADHD can’t be prevented or cured. But spotting it early, plus having a good treatment and education plan, can help a child or adult with ADHD manage their symptoms.
Many symptoms of ADHD can be suppressed with medications and therapies.
Medications called stimulants can help control hyperactive and impulsive behavior and increase attention span.
Stimulant medications don’t work for everyone with ADHD. Non-stimulant medications may be prescribed for people older than 6yrs.
Dietary supplements with omega 3s have shown some benefit. The FDA has approved a medical food called Vayarin, which contains omega-3s and is available by prescription only.
These treatments focus on changing behavior.
Support groups of people with similar problems and needs can help with acceptance and support. Groups also can provide a way to learn more about ADHD. These groups are helpful for adults with ADHD or parents of children with ADHD.
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